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Catenary Compression was developed as a research project, pairing up unlikely structural properties to work together for extraordinary circumstances. Working with light block construction that conventionally operates in compression, we set out to build a structural catenary that relieves the ground from any physical contact. A prototype was developed for a BSA-sponsored exhibit as both a provocation and experiment.
The aggregation is comprised of sixty individual carved and interlocking blocks that are CNC routed from polyurethane foam board to achieve the minimally required tolerances for tensile continuity. Numerous computer models analyzed the anticipated forces, and mock-ups were tested for loading and integrity. Ultimately the puzzle-like pieces were conjoined by inverted ‘keystones,’ working against gravity to deflect the tensile forces.
Contrary to dome construction, where the keystone serves as a crowning moment, here, a field of keystones connects the entire surface. In turn, the terminus of the catenary, its nadir, is characterized by an ocular void acting as a tensile ring. The underbelly of the vault displays the continuity of the tensile surface, while the top surface remains articulated, as its carvings help to offset the necessary tolerances needed to overcome misalignments between blocks, a rustication of sorts.
Principals in charge: Nader Tehrani, Katie Faulkner
Project Coordinators: Matthew Waxman, Shiyu Wei
Project Team: Thomas Tait, Hanxi Wang, Kaining Peng, Joohui Son, Ching Ying Ngan, Jocelyn Wang, Dustin Bergman